Building a place for chickens to stay and flourish is not an easy task to finish. There are many steps and external factors to consider before even making your draft.
Once you have gathered your determination, here is a guide on how to build a chicken coop that ensures your flock’s safety and proper shut-eyes for you at night!
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
How To Build A Chicken Coop From Scratch
Chickens need to live in coops to stay safe and healthy aside from their time wandering in the garden. To provide shelter for your feathery friends, here is a guide on how to build a chicken coop step by-step with pictures!
Step 1: Plan Your Range
The first step to this process is creating your plans to build a chicken coop regarding dimensions and position!
You should leave 2-3 sqft for each bird you plan to have in the coop, 4 -5 sqft in range, and so on. However, your chickens will appreciate the extra space you leave for them. When you pack chickens in small spaces for too long, they will start territorial and fight.
The advice from Oregon State University goes that you should build your coop near your house or living area. Doing this allows you to observe where predators can come from and scare them away with the noises from your home. You should also refrain from building a chicken coop near big bushes where predators can hide!
Step 2: Set Up The Frame
Cedar and redwood are naturally non-rotting woods, so they are obvious choices for chicken coops. Here is what you will need to do to form the frame of your coops:
- Following your coops’ sizes, place four posts in concrete and let them set. Because you will need a pitched roof, you should cut the posts at the front to be around 2ft shorter than the posts at the back.
- Add another post 2 feet on the front corner of the rectangle you formed just now. This post serves to support the gate.
- Nail or screw two horizontal posts to the rectangular frame.
- From here, you can build a gate frame. Aside from building your frame, you can also implement the gate’s strength by using an anti-sag gate kit. Be sure to use galvanized hinges to ensure the longevity of your gate.
- Install a pair of posts one-third of the distance from the left side to support the enclosed portion of your coop. Another frame can also support the backside of the structure. You should also note that all open run areas should have a wireframe cover.
- Once you’ve finished positioning the posts, you should start putting in the floor planks.
Step 3: Assemble The Interior
Once the basic foundation has reached completion, we can move onto the next step. Since we are aiming for a guide on how to build a simple chicken coop in this article, let’s start with these items:
- A roosting bar on the back wall.
- Next boxes (amounts vary on the number of birds you have).
- Watering bowls and feeder.
- An incandescent light bulb.
Step 4: Assemble The Exterior
You will need a human-sized door to let yourself into the coop. The steps on how to build a chicken coop door are quite simple:
- Measure out a door walk-through on your coop.
- Reuse an old door and saw it in half or buy a ready-made Dutch door.
- Have two hinges on the side of your frame.
What To Consider When Building A Coop?
It’s easy to know how to make a chicken coop door or install a feeder. However, considering any other outside factor might give you even more of a headache.
- Prepare one nest box for every two or three hens. For example, if you want to know how to build a chicken coop for 4 chickens to lay eggs in, you will have to measure the grounds for at least two nest boxes.
- Pallets are easy foundations for your chicken coop. To avoid setting planks next to one another for hours, look for a guide on how to build a chicken coop out of pallets!
- Keep your coop high off the ground, specifically 8-12 inches higher than the ground. This way, you make sure no predator animal can get into the coop!
- Consider installing an incandescent bulb inside your coop for your hens to keep laying eggs even way into winter. It will give your chicken the illusion of the day remaining longer and encourages them to continue giving you eggs!
- For your chickens to have a healthy breathing space, a fifth of your wall space in total should have some ventilation. It can be in the form of wall openings or mesh wire windows. These openings should be above the roosts so your chickens won’t accidentally fly outside.
- Be sure to use latches and locks instead of wire racks or simple knobs on your coop door. Raccoons are very smart creatures: they can work out knots and deadbolts if they are determined.
- If you don’t know how to build chicken coops cheap, you should look for pre-built coops or second-hand ones. They are very reasonably priced, and there are deals very frequently on any retail services as well. It depends on whether or not you look hard enough!
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Now that you know how to build a chicken coop, be sure to keep your creation lasting long and healthy. Watch out for molds, termites, and other such threats, as well as any predators that threaten the livelihood of your flock!
We wish you (and your chickens) a smooth-sailing harvesting season!